I’m sure you are just like me, doing your research and due diligence on CBD oil like an awesome and informed consumer. You came across a word that was foreign to you or one you have heard but don’t really know much about it. That word is Terpenes. When I first heard about Terpenes in CBD oil I was like what the heck is that? Well, I am here to give you an easy explanation of what Terpenes are and why you want them in your CBD oil 🙂 Terpenes are often heard in the same sentence as Flavonoids, you can read more about those here.
Terpenes are organic hydrocarbons that are found in the essential oils of plants. There you have it, question answered 🙂 Wasn’t that what you wanted to know? Oh, you want more details? Well, ok since you asked nicely here is a bit more information on Terpenes 🙂
Terpenes are what give different strains of cannabis their smell and identity. These are basically the plant’s fingerprints. I bet you didn’t know plants had fingers, did you? You were right, they don’t, but Terpenes still give them their unique identification.
Terpenoids and Terpenes are different even though they are commonly used as synonyms. Terpenes are a naturally occurring combination of carbon and hydrogen, on the other hand, Terpenoids are Terpenes that have been modified through a drying and curing process (chemical modification), changing the oxygen content of the compound.
The cannabis plant contains over 100 different Terpenes! The differences can be subtle but lots of progress has been made in classifying terpenes and their effects, making it easy for patients and consumers to understand them. In a broad sense, terpenes can be broken down into sweet, sour, spicy, or bitter. The specific category can be broken down further into more specific smells and effects of that plant. I’ll highlight some of the most common ones below.
Common Types of Terepens
Myrcene can also be found in mangoes, hops, thyme, and lemongrass. It is said to be one of the most abundant Terpenes in hemp, most labs will show high levels of Myrcene which is a good thing since it is known for its antibiotic, analgesic, and anti-mutagenic properties.
Linalool can also be found in lavender with a light and floral aroma. It’s known for the ability to reduce stress, produce anti-anxiety, antidepressant, and sedative effects. It is also used to relieve seizure symptoms and can provide relief to those suffering from psychosis. This is not found in all hemp, it’s a good one to have in your CBD oil but it is basically interchangeable with Limonene (below), if you are looking for anxiety and depression relief, make sure there is at least one of these in your CBD oil.
Limonene is found in citrus fruit rinds like orange, lime, and most notably lemon. It has a very powerful lemon/citrus/fruity smell to it. Limonene is a common fragrant additive in cleaning supplies and cosmetics to name a few. It has powerful antibacterial and antifungal attributes, as well as being a natural insecticide on the cannabis plant and can even assist in treating toenail fungus in humans. Limonene has been shown to improve the absorption of other Terpenes through the skin and body tissue, like mucous membranes and the digestive tract. Limonene is great for relieving stress and enhancing your mood as well. This is a really great one to have in your CBD oil if you are looking for stress relief and mood improvement.
B-caryophyllene (or just caryophyllene)
B-caryophyllene can be found in black pepper, cloves, and hops. B-caryophyllene has a spicy, woody smell to it. B-caryophyllene is found to be anti-inflammatory, pain-relieving, and anti-fungal, and It also enhances the anti-inflammatory properties of CBD. This is another great one to make sure you have in your CBD oil.
Why do plants have Terpenes?
This is a great question, thank you for asking it 🙂 Terpenes are defense mechanisms of the plant, due to their smell, they keep insects and animals from destroying them. Terpenes are produced by Trichomes which cover the leaves and buds of the plant and are mushroom-shaped crystals that are sticky and shiny. I would say these are an absolutely integral part of the cannabis plant, wouldn’t you?
Terpenes are an essential part of the “entourage effect” that some users of CBD oil are looking for. Terpenes are found in most “full spectrum” CBD oil. They can greatly affect how CBD oil will make you feel and what benefits can be gained from it. You want to make sure that you look at all the labs a company has to see the Terpene profile of their CBD oil. If they don’t provide labs then I would advise you to run far away from that company! Labs are very important as you now know why.
You will want to know what benefits you want from your CBD oil and pick an oil that has all the types of Terpenes you want in it. Most strains of Hemp contain all the Terpenes listed above. But as I have said many times before, all CBD oil is not created equal. Make sure you know what is in your CBD oil by checking the labs 🙂 If you have any questions or comments please leave them below.
Green Roads sells individual Terpenes, if they sound like something you would like to try click on the image below:
Matt’s Top 4 CBD Oil Providers:
I have personally used all of the products that I recommend. Each one is of the highest quality. I would never recommend anything that was not extremely high quality. The following list is just a quick overview of the products. Please click on the links for the full review to read more about each product.
Matt’s overall score: 9.33/10
Matt’s overall score: 9.07/10
Matt’s overall score: 9.04/10